BIOL 221
Concepts of Botany
(Spring 2018)

Welcome to the course website for the Spring 2018 offering of Concepts of Botany. Below you will find materials in support of the lecture and lab. These will be posted periodically on an as-need basis.



Lecture, Hardy Lab



Lecture Exam 1 Support

Sample Exam Questions from Years Past

Topic 01 - Introduction to Botany (outline)
Topic 02 - The Primary Plant Body (outline)
Topic 03 - The Secondary Plant Body (outline)
Topic 04 - Modifications of Leaf, Stem, & Root (outline)

Special Topic A: The Coconut Palm (outline)
Special Topic B: Aloe

Lecture Exam 2 Support

Sample Exam Questions from Years Past



Lecture Exam 3 Support

Sample Exam Questions from Years Past



Required lab manual: Guide to Lab Exercises in Concepts of Botany, Spring 2018 Edition by C. Hardy and R. Wagner (editors). Must purchase new editon. Older versions prohibited.

Required text: Selected Chapters for Concepts of Botany (BIOL 221) from Biology: Concepts and Investigations , 4th Edition by M. Hoefnagels; custom looseleaf edition available only from the campus text book room (ISBN13: 9781307185621).

This custom edition includes only chapters with botany content, as follows:
Chapter 3 (Cells)
Chapter 5 (Photosynthesis)
Chapter 18 (Protists)
Chapter 19 (Plants)
Chapter 22 (Plant Form and Function)
Chapter 23 (Plant Nutrition and Transport)
Chapter 24 (Reproduction and Development of Flowering Plants)
Chapter 38 (Communities & Ecosystems)
Chapter 39 (Biomes)

Alternative forms for this content would be:

  • The entire bound-book, hardcover (ISBN13: 9780078024207)
  • The entire ebook (ISBN13: 9781259869587, 6-month access).

Recommended but not required: A Photographic Atlas for the Botany Laboratory, 7th edition by Rushforth et al.